Artificial intelligence is basically a robotic form of human intelligence, where a simulation of human intelligence processes by machine, basically we found it or else we can use it in our computer system, with the simple language, where we humans put a query according to our need and by the time computer system or the software we use, like Siri, Bixby, Alexa, with which this all type of systems can convert the language with the system language NLP (natural language process), and solve that as soon as possible and get the solution in the fraction of second. Artificial intelligence sometimes called ‘machine intelligence’, or controlled by device itself.
“Artificial Intelligence basically a term, with which we can define that it functions with intelligence and besides its stand for the mimic ‘cognitive’ functions, That humans associate with the mind of humans such as ‘learning’ and ‘problem solver’. The field was founded on the assumption that human intelligence can be precise to elaborate that a machine can be stimulate it. Artificial Intelligence was first proposed by John McCarthy in 1956 in his first academic
conference on the subject. The idea of machines operating like human beings began to be the center of scientist’s mind and whether if it is possible to make machines have the same ability to think and learn by itself was introduced by the mathematician Alan Turing. Alan Turing was able to put his hypotheses and questions into actions by testing whether “machines can think”? After series of testing (later was called as Turing Test) it turns out that it is possible to enable machines to think and learn just like humans. Turing Test uses the pragmatic approach to be able to identify if machines can respond like humans.
Artificial Intelligence is increasing every day. Since AI was first introduced to the market, it has been the reason for the quick change in technology and business fields. Computer scientists predicting that by 2020 “85% of customer interactions will be managed without a human”. This means that human’s simple requests will depend on computers and artificial intelligence just like as it can be said before when we use Siri or Galaxy to ask about the weather temperature. AI offers reliability, cost-effectiveness solve complicated problems, and make decisions; in addition, AI restricts data from getting lost.
AI is applied nowadays in most fields whether business or engineering. One of the great tools in AI is called “reinforcement learning” which is based on testing success and failure in real life to increase the reliability of applications.
Unfortunately, AI is being limited by its capability and functionality. Although Artificial Intelligence made our lives much easier and saved us more time than ever, scientists are predicting that by the huge dependency on AI humanity could extinct.
Scientists argue that by having an Artificial intelligence machine, people will be jobless and that will conclude in losing the sense of living. Since machines are learning and doing things more efficiently and effectively in a timely manner. Artificial intelligence is based on the principle that human intelligence can be defined in a way that a machine can easily mimic it and execute tasks, from the most simple to those that are even more complex.
The goals of artificial intelligence include learning, reasoning, and perception, For example, machines that calculate basic functions or recognize text through optical character recognition are no longer considered to embody artificial intelligence, since this function is now taken for granted as an inherent computer function. AI is continuously evolving to benefit many different industries. Machines are wired using a cross-disciplinary approach based in mathematics, computer science, linguistics, psychology, and more.
Artificial intelligence has applications in the financial industry, where it is used to detect and flag activity in banking and finance such as unusual debit card usage and large account deposits—all of which help a bank’s fraud department. Applications for AI are also being used to help streamline and make trading easier. This is done by making supply, demand, and pricing of securities easier to estimate. Artificial intelligence can be divided into two different categories: weak and strong.
The Weak Artificial Intelligence , embodies a system designed to carry out one particular job. Weak AI systems include video games such as the chess example from above and personal assistants such as Amazon’s Alexa and Apple’s Siri. You ask the assistant a question, it answers it for you.
2) Strong Artificial Intelligence:
systems are systems that carry on the tasks considered to be human-like. They are programmed to handle situations in which they may be required to problem solve without having a person intervene. These kinds of systems can be found in applications like self-driving cars or in hospital operating rooms.By modern times, we can see the enormous dependency on artificial intelligence where dependency is a necessity in the hand it can be the reason for unemployment in the future decades.